The concept of Chemistry

Chemistry is a branch of science that focuses on the study of matter and its component substances. It also concerns with the characteristics of such materials, and their reactions to the development of new compounds. Chemistry mainly involves molecules, ions and atoms to produce chemical compounds.

There are several branches or disciplines related to chemistry. The main branches of chemistry are physical chemistry, inorganic chemistry,  organic chemistry, biochemistry and analytical chemistry. 

Description of the Five Chemistry Branches

  • Physical Chemistry

Physical chemistry is an analysis of macroscopic and particulate processes in chemical systems regarding the principles, methods, and theories of physics including energy, motion, energy, time, force, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, quantum chemistry, chemical equilibrium and analytical dynamics.

  • Inorganic chemistry

Study of non-organic chemistry compounds that is an analysis of inorganic compounds or compounds that do not contain a C-H bond. Many inorganic substances include metals.

  • Organic chemistry

Organic chemistry is the analysis of the properties, structure, composition, preparation and reactions of carbon-containing compounds that include all the hydrocarbons. Also, it compounds with a variety of several other elements, such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, halogens, sulfur and silicon.

  • Analytical chemistry

Analytical chemistry studies & utilizes tools and processes used to isolate, classify and measure matter. Separation, classification or measurement may in practice constitute the whole process or be merged with another technique. Analytes are isolated by separation. Qualitative analysis defines analytes, while quantitative analysis decides the sum or concentration of amounts.

  • Biochemistry

Biochemistry is the branch of chemistry which involves the study of chemical reactions within living things and linked to all these. The complexity of life arises from biochemical processes.

Branches of organic chemistry

Organic chemistry includes investigating the structure, properties, and handling of mainly carbon-hydrogen compounds. Organic chemistry is superimposed in many regions such as,

Medicinal chemistry

Medicinal chemistry is the analysis of drug actions and it involves medicinal drug design, growth, and synthesis. It coincides with pharmacology.  


Review of the spatial arrangements and impacts of atoms in the molecule on the physical and chemical properties of substances.

Physical organic chemistry

It is the study of the structural and reactive interrelationships in organic compounds.

Polymer chemistry

A polymer is a large molecule or a macromolecule and is a multi-unit combination. In Greek, the word polymer implies many pieces, we can observe polymers and polymerization all around us, Including our DNA strand that is a naturally present biopolymer to polypropylene that is used as plastics all over the globe. 


Stereochemistry is the chemical branch which involves “studying the different spatial arrangements of atoms in the molecule.


Chemical reactions happen around us all the time. Each day the human body induces a thousand chemical reactions. From food intake to muscle activity-all acts of the body include chemical reactions. So the concept of chemistry has a significant significance in everyday life.


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